Learning Types of Music Notes : Crotchets, Quavers, Minims, etc.

This section continues from the previous section on Key Signatures and Time Signatures to introduce the types of Music Notes, rests and dotted notes you may encounter while reading music. This is information which may help if you are learning the piano or keyboard or indeed any other instrument. It is mainly most useful for musical reference purposes.

Types of Music Notes

There are different types of musical notes, each with a different duration measured in beats. These notes are outlined below.



Whole Note
4 Crotchets


Half Note
2 Crotchets


Quarter Note
1 Crotchets


Eight Note
½ a Crotchet


16th note
¼ a Crotchet

An Example of how time signatures and note durations / types are measured

Dotted Notes and Other Musical Symbols

Notes can be lengthened by placing a dot beside them. A dotted note is lengthened by half the value of the original note – therefore a dotted minim is 2 beats + ½(2 beats) == 2 beats + 1 beat = total of 2 beats.

Brief Glossary of Musical Terms >>>